Bagi yang memelihara Hamster, memang pernah terbesit kekhawatiran terutama yang berhubungan dengan kesehatan. Adakah penyakit yang menular dari Hamster ke Manusia?
General Information on Hamsters
The most common type of pet hamster is the Golden or Syrian Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), which came from Syria in the mid-19th century. Other less common breeds of hamster include the Chinese Hamster (Cricetulus griseus), and the European or Black-Bellied Hamster (Cricetus cricetus).
A Golden Hamster has an average life span of 18-24 months. Hamsters are naturally omnivorous and nocturnal.
In 1996, it was estimated that there were 1.9 million pet hamsters in the USA. In 2001, it was estimated that there were less than 900 000.
In general, hamsters are not a high-risk pet in terms of the potential for zoonotic disease transmission. However, it is still important to be aware of the diseases they can carry and how to keep both a hamster and its owner as healthy and happy as possible.
Obtaining a Hamster
Hamsters are often bred in large central facilities and transported from there to various distribution centres and pet stores for sale to the public. Contact with a large number of other animals, and stress during transportation and while in a pet store, can lead to an increased risk of disease transmission and illness in store-bought hamsters.
Hamsters have specific dietary and environmental requirements to keep them healthy. Owners should be referred to their veterinarian or other experienced hamster owners for specific details on hamster husbandry, as well as how to handle a hamster appropriately in order to reduce the risk of biting.
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